MEASURING BENEFITS OF EMS IMPLEMENTATION
Since the beginning of an environmental management system (EMS) is made and applied in various companies, one of the goals to be achieved is that the achievement of environmental performance is increasing from time to time. For example, if performance indicators are taken from complying with environmental regulations, meaning it is expected that from time to time increase the percentage of compliance with these regulations. But whether that goal can be achieved in the companies that implement this EMS? Then how can we measure whether these objectives have been achieved or not or to find out how much their achievement?
Above questions is not easy to answer because even though the implementation of EMS in a company’s audited periodically by an independent party (eg Certification Agency), but the audit activities had been more emphasis on fulfilling the requirements of international standards that are referenced in the application of the EMS ( eg ISO 14001). Then how can we measure whether we have benefited from the implementation of EMS in which the environment becomes more improved performance.
In fact, if review is more in terms of one international standard for EMS, eg ISO 14001, where in it has been designed so that every company that implements the ISO 14001 standard could increase the fulfillment of environmental regulations.
As we all know that the ISO 14001 standard is based on the methodology of the Plan-Do-Check-Act or PDCA. So in the stages of “Plan”, any company that implement ISO 14001, will conduct the identification of environmental regulations or other requirements applicable or relevant to the company. Beyond that, ideally, the company should be able to identify the articles of related regulations that are relevant to natural conditions or environmental aspects and impacts of the company.
For example for a manufacturing company that produces products for home care (eg cleaning the floor), for example from 100 environmental regulations issued by the Ministry of Environment (KLH) or from local government (eg governor or mayor / regent), only 40 applicable regulations for these companies. Why is that? Because, for example regulations on odor (KepMenLH no. 50/1996) is irrelevant, assuming no odor parameters such as ammonia, methyl merkaptan, hydrogen sulfide, methyl sulfide, styrene released from the company. Other examples of such PermenLH no. 12/2006 regarding the disposal of liquid waste into the sea, also does not apply because the company dispose of treated wastewater into the river instead of into the sea. In short, only 40 finally any applicable regulations for the company.
After that we had to take one example of the applicable regulations, eg regulations concerning boilers (PermenLH no. 7 / 2007) which consists of eight chapters. Apparently not all the articles relevant to these companies because the assumption of its steam boilers using natural gas fuel only three chapters are relevant, namely Article 2 (paragraph 1F), article 3 (paragraph 1F) and article 6. In the end we will specify from 40 earlier regulations, the articles of what is relevant. Eg obtained a total of 100 articles that are relevant.
The next stage is the “Do” where we have to perform identification of environmental regulations that are relevant to corporate activities. To find out whether we have planned in stages “Plan” is in conformity with that in stages “Do”, then we have to do step “Check”. At this stage we will evaluate how the implementation of environmental regulations that are relevant.
If there had obtained the relevant section 100 of a total of 40 applicable environmental regulations for companies, the compliance evaluation process could be made to identify quantitatively by how many regulations are met, eg the new 70-filled chapters, then it can be calculated that the percentage of fulfillment only 70% (in may of 70 articles that have been filled with articles that are divided by the total of 100 chapters and at times 100%).
Means there are 30 chapters that have not been able to be met, so the gap is at the input to the next stage, namely “Act”. At this stage, the company must follow up any gaps found. ISO 14001 standard provides an alternative mechanism for follow-up is by defining objectives, targets and programs if further action needs to be felt for a long time and it costs significantly. Another alternative to corrective action by conducting root cause analysis, establishment of improvement plans, implementation and verification.
So from the description above, look if EMS implemented earnestly and consistently, then compliance with environmental regulations will increase. From the illustrations given, we can measure how the attainment status of fulfillment so that we can compare it from time to time. From here we can claim that the extent to which we can benefit from the implementation of EMS.
However if we are already on the level of compliance with environmental regulations has been 100% then how can we measure the benefits of EMS implementation. Anyone have any ideas? We’ll try to find the answers together. Hopefully in the next topic we can discuss this issue.